We recently issued an NIH Guide notice informing the community that we will discontinue participation in the Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award (NRSA) Individual Predoctoral Fellowship (Parent F31) (PA-16-309). As stated in the notice, we will not accept new or resubmission applications for this program, and its subsequent reissuances, starting with the April 8, 2018, receipt date. We will continue to accept NRSA Individual Predoctoral Fellowships to Promote Diversity in Health-Related Research (F31) (PA-16-308) and NRSA Individual Predoctoral MD/PhD or Other Dual-Doctoral Degree Fellowships for Students at Institutions Without NIH-Funded Institutional Predoctoral Dual-Degree Training Programs (F30) (PA-16-306). This decision does not affect those F31 (parent) applicants who have already received an award from NIGMS or whose applications have already been received by NIH and have been reviewed or are currently pending review.
NIGMS supports approximately 3,000 graduate students on our T32 training grants in basic biomedical sciences disciplines and the Medical Scientist Training Program each year. This investment represents nearly half of the total number of graduate student T32 NRSA slots that NIH as a whole funds. We feel that T32 grants supporting early-stage, fundamental training for graduate students provide NIGMS with its biggest impact on biomedical research training because they positively influence programs and institutions as a whole, rather than simply supporting individual trainees. Because the T32 and F31 programs necessarily compete for funding with each other, in order to limit negative effects on our graduate student T32 grants, our investment in the parent F31 awards has been very limited since Fiscal Year 2014 when the Institute was first required to participate in the parent F31 fellowship program. Thus, we have made only 86 F31 (parent) awards to date, and over 90% of these awards went to individuals at institutions with at least one NIGMS predoctoral T32 grant. In fact, the average number of NIGMS predoctoral T32 training grants held by institutions that received at least one NIGMS F31 (parent) award was nearly four, and institutions that received three or more NIGMS F31 (parent) awards had, on average, over six NIGMS predoctoral T32 grants. Given the tight budget and correspondingly low success rate (~9.6%) for these fellowships, along with the fact that most institutions receiving them were already well-supported by NIGMS predoctoral training grants, we concluded that the F31 (parent) program was not serving our community well, and the Institute made the decision to refocus these resources on supporting additional graduate students through NRSA T32 Institutional Predoctoral Training Grants.
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